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Obesity (Adult)



Adult Obesity (April 2017)

Key Issues (April 2017
)

  • Estimates based upon the Health Survey for England data suggest the number of obese adults in Wirral is around 68,000-70,000 people

  • The number of people who are either overweight or obese is 164,000 (more than half of the Wirral population). This means there 2 in every 3 adults are of an unhealthy weight in Wirral

  • Obesity is more prevalent amongst women compared to men

  • Overweight is more prevalent amongst men

  • Obesity and overweight are both more prevalent in areas of deprivation. This trend is particularly marked in women, where the social class gradient results in higher levels of obesity (compared to men) 

  • Four out of five (80%) of obese children go on to become obese adults

  • Defnitive data on obesity in both Wirral and nationally is lacking

  • Current levels of overweight and obesity are likely to have serious consequences with potential increases in prevalence of diabetes, CVD, some cancers and musculoskeletal conditions etc. which will be extremely costly if not tackled

  • Evidence supports prevention as the most cost-effective strategy as obesity is very rarely reversed. Overweight and obesity are now so common, population level action is required.


Further information

Parliamentary Briefing on Obesity. January 2017

Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet
England: NHS Digital, April 2017

Carbohydrates and health (Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition, July 2015)
This report provides clarification of the relationship between dietary carbohydrates and health. It reviews evidence for the role of dietary carbohydrate in colorectal health, cardiometabolic health and oral health and makes public health recommendations. 


Why 5%? (Public Health England, July 2015) 
This is an explanation of the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition’s recommendations about sugars and health (see above), in the context of current intakes of free sugars, other dietary recommendations and the changes in dietary habits needed to reduce consumption of free sugars to 5% of dietary energy. 

House of Commons: Briefing Paper on Obesity - June 2015 
here

Public Health Outcomes Framework performance for Obesity 
Adult Obesity
here 
Childhood Obesity (NCMP) 
here 

New Public Health England (PHE ) report on the relationship between obesity and diabetes
A new PHE report provides an overview of obesity and type 2 diabetes among adults: describing the epidemiology of each disorder, how the two conditions are linked and why they present a major public health challenge. The report also contains new analysis showing that adults with large waist circumferences are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. The report can be accessed here

Obesity and fitness: The relation between obesity, cardiorespiratory fitness and mortality (October 2014)

Obesity and overweight - National Obesity Observatory approach

BMI healthy weight calculator - NHS Choices website


Key information sources for you to consider:
Health and social care outcomes frameworks (Collection)
Public Health England Data and Knowledge Gateway
NHS Information Centre
ChiMat
JSNA other useful sources of information
Nutritionist Resource


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