Employment & Unemployment


Health & Worklessness 
(Tackling entrenched problems in service delivery related to worklessness to improve outcomes for residents) December 2015
Health inequalities across Wirral, particularly between the east and west side of the borough, persist regardless of the cross sector work to alleviate and minimise their negative impact. This research was jointly commissioned between Public Health and Regeneration in order to gain a greater understanding of the barriers people are facing when existing on Employment Support Allowance with subsequent outcomes for their mental health and wellbeing. Public Health wanted to understand what motivated people to change their behaviour and how the place where they live impacts on their motivation to change.

Alongside developing our collective understanding as to these issues facing people in the borough there is an absolute recognition of the need to build the capacity of communities to take responsibility for their own health; using asset based community development techniques.

This research approach was an ethnographic method that focused on observing and interviewing real people to gain vital insight

Now the work is complete the reseach is being shared with local professionals and leaders and there has been agreement about the need for the need for transformation of services and investment strategy. View details here

The contribution of further education and skills to social mobility (Department for Business, Innovation and Skills - research paper 254 - October 2015)
This review of published research from government, academics and think tanks investigates how taking part in further education helps people get better jobs and wages. It also looks at the effects further education has on the prospects for the children of learners.

How does unemployment affect self-assessed health? A systematic review focusing on subgroup effects BMC Public Health (January 2015)
This systematic review assesses how unemployment relates to self-assessed health, with a focus on its effects on subgroups such as age, gender and marital status. The only clear patterns of association found were for socioeconomic status (manual workers suffer more), reason for unemployment (being unemployed due to health reasons is worse), and social network (a strong network is beneficial). Access the report here

The Skills Commission report Still in Tune? The Skills System and the Changing Structures of Work (January 2014) considers how the UK economy and labour market have changed in recent decades, and the extent to which the UK’s skills system has kept up with that change. It concludes that the skills system “is not adequately matched to the modern structures of work in 2014”, and calls for deep-reaching reforms. Problems include uncertainty around responsibility for training in an increasingly flexible labour market; declining social mobility exacerbated by the poor alignment of skills provision to work; and a fragmented system that makes it difficult for employers to engage. The report highlights that for those working in low-paid jobs the harsh reality is that it is very difficult to progress and move out of them and this potential could have long term effects on a number of local people and their families, possibly exacerabting noted health inequalities. Access the report here

Previous reports
Health effects of re-employment  (2012)
Health effects of unemployment  (2012) here

Key information sources for you to consider:
Health and social care outcomes frameworks (Collection)
Public Health England Data and Knowledge Gateway
NHS Information Centre
JSNA other useful sources of information

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